Sputnik

sputnik

What is Sputnik 1 called today?

Sputnik 1 (/ˈspʌtnɪk/; Russian: Спутник-1 Satellite-1, or ПС-1 [PS-1, i.e., Russian: Простейший Спутник-1, Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, Elementary Satellite 1]) was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957.

What is the speed of Sputnik?

Sputnik 1 was launched during the International Geophysical Year from Site No.1/5, at the 5th Tyuratam range, in Kazakh SSR (now known as the Baikonur Cosmodrome). The satellite travelled at about 29,000 kilometres per hour (18,000 mph; 8,100 m/s), taking 96.2 minutes to complete each orbit.

Where can I find media related to Sputnik-1?

Eisenhowers Sputnik Moment: The Race for Space and World Prestige. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-6793-6. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sputnik-1. A film clip New Moon. Reds Launch First Space Satellite, 1957/10/07 (1957) is available at the Internet Archive

What was the impact of Sputnik on the world?

The success of Sputnik 1 seemed to have changed minds around the world regarding a shift in power to the Soviets. The USSRs launch of Sputnik 1 spurred the United States to create the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA, later DARPA) in February 1958 to regain a technological lead.

What is the abbreviation for Sputnik?

Sputnik 2 →. Sputnik 1 (/ˈspʊtnɪk/ or /ˈspʌtnɪk/; Satellite-1, or PS-1, Простейший Спутник-1 or Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, Elementary Satellite 1) was the first artificial Earth satellite.

How long did Sputnik 1 stay in orbit?

Sputnik 1 was an artificial satellite successfully launched into orbit around the Earth on October 4th, 1957. It was launched from Kazakhstan, which was formerly part of the Soviet Union during the mid 20th century. It managed to remain in orbit for three months, Oct 4. 1957 - Jan 4. 1958, before it fell back into the Earths atmosphere.

How many satellites did the Soviets officially call Sputnik?

The Soviets officially called only three satellites Sputnik. In the West, however, Sputnik was used as a generic name for Soviet satellites.

What was Sputnik and its legacy?

Read on below to see photos of Sputnik and its legacy! The launch the Soviet Unions Sputnik 1 on Oct. 4, 1957 kicked off the space age and the Cold War space race, the latter of which peaked when Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin stepped onto the surface of the moon in July 1969.

What is Sputnik 1 called today?

Sputnik 1 (/ˈspʌtnɪk/; Russian: Спутник-1 Satellite-1, or ПС-1 [PS-1, i.e., Russian: Простейший Спутник-1, Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, Elementary Satellite 1]) was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957.

How did the media react to Sputnik?

However, it should be noted that not all of the media reaction to Sputnik was entirely negative. In the first week after Sputnik I’s launch, a writer for The Wall Street Journal immediately recognized the political repercussions that the Soviet satellite would have for

Is Sputnik connected to ICBM’s?

possible connections between the Sputnik launch and ICBM’s in a memorandum to the Secretary of State. The memo concluded that “a feasible design for Sputnik could be directly adapted to a surface-to-surface missile capable of sending a sizeable warhead 3000-3500 miles.” However,

Is Sputnik enough to reassure the public?

57 This ultimately was not enough to reassure the public. As Robert Divine wrote in the Sputnik Challenge , “in the wake of Sputnik, Americans wanted more than broad verbal reassurances from the hero of World War II.”

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