Leucemia

leucemia

What are the treatment options for Leucemia?

Leucemia face parte dintr-un grup mai amplu de neoplasme ce afectează sângele, măduva osoasă, sistemul limfoid, cunoscute sub denumirea de tumori ale țesuturilor limfoide și hematopoietice. Tratamentul poate include o combinație de chimioterapie, radioterapie, terapie țintită și transplant de măduvă.

What to know about leukaemia?

Leukemia 1 Overview. Leukemia is cancer of the bodys blood-forming tissues,... 2 Symptoms. Leukemia symptoms vary, depending on the type of leukemia. 3 Causes. Scientists dont understand the exact causes of leukemia. 4 Risk factors. Previous cancer treatment. People whove had certain types...

What are the risks of leucemie?

Persoanele care au avut cazuri de leucemie în familie sunt de asemenea expuse unui risc ridicat de contactare a bolii.

What are the different types of leucemie?

Există patru tipuri principale de leucemie: leucemie limfoidă acută (LAL), leucemie acută mieloidă (LAM), leucemie limfoidă cronică (LLC) și leucemie mieloidă cronică (LMC), precum și un număr de tipuri de leucemie mai puțin comune.

What are the treatment options for leukemia?

Radiation therapy may also be given in low doses just before a stem cell transplant. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is typically the primary treatment option for many forms of leukemia, often consisting of giving several drugs together in a set regimen.

How are stem cells used to treat leukemia?

Stem cells may come from the patient or from a matched donor. Radiation therapy: This treatment for leukemia may be used to destroy leukemia cells, to relieve discomfort caused by an enlarged liver or spleen, or swollen lymph nodes, or to help treat pain from bone damage caused by leukemia cells growing in the bone marrow.

How is the diagnosis of leukemia supported?

The diagnosis of leukemia is supported by findings of the medical history and examination, and examining blood and bone marrow samples under a microscope. Leukemia treatment choices depend on the type of leukemia, certain features of the leukemia cells, the extent of the disease, and prior history of treatment,...

Which drugs are approved for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia?

See Drugs Approved for Acute Myeloid Leukemia for more information. Arsenic trioxide and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) are anticancer drugs that kill leukemia cells, stop the leukemia cells from dividing, or help the leukemia cells mature into white blood cells.

What increases the risk of leukemia?

Exposure to certain chemicals, such as benzene — which is found in gasoline and is used by the chemical industry — is linked to an increased risk of some kinds of leukemia. Smoking. Smoking cigarettes increases the risk of acute myelogenous leukemia.

What to know about leukaemia?

Leukemia 1 Overview. Leukemia is cancer of the bodys blood-forming tissues,... 2 Symptoms. Leukemia symptoms vary, depending on the type of leukemia. 3 Causes. Scientists dont understand the exact causes of leukemia. 4 Risk factors. Previous cancer treatment. People whove had certain types...

What are the long term effects of leukemia?

Because leukemia prevents the immune system from working normally, some people experience frequent infection, ranging from infected tonsils, sores in the mouth, or diarrhea to life-threatening pneumonia or opportunistic infections. Finally, the red blood cell deficiency leads to anemia, which may cause dyspnea and pallor.

Can leukemia be prevented?

In most cases, there’s nothing that children or parents can do to prevent childhood leukemia. Unfortunately, risk factors for developing leukemia include cancer treatment with chemotherapy and radiation, and immune-suppressing drugs given to transplant patients. This isn’t a common occurrence, but it’s a known risk factor.

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